Spanish
Adjectives
Singular Plural Singular Plural
Masculine alto altos grande grandes
Feminine alta altas grande grandes

Adjectives
Adjectives describe nouns (people, places, things, or ideas).

Adjective Endings (refer to table above)
Most adjectives have four forms: Masculine Singular, Masculine Plural, Feminine Singular, and Feminine Plural.
Usually, adjectives that end in e or in a consonant have the same masculine and feminine forms.

Use of Adjectives
Adjectives usually come after the noun they describe. Sometimes they come before the noun (see Position of Adjectives), but they must agree in gender and quantity.

Use of Adjectives With Ser
Use the verb ser (to be) with adjectives to tell someone's/something's origin, ethnicity, nationality, profession, physical characteristics or qualities, or gender.

Examples
El carro es azul. - The car is blue.
Los niños son norteamericanos. - The children are North American.
El drama es cómico. - The play is funny (comical).

Use of Adjectives With Estar
Use the verb estar (to be) with adjectives to tell someone's/something's feelings, emotions, temporary condition, or location.

Examples
El carro está limpio. - The car is clean.
Los niños están en la América del Norte. - The children are in North America.
Pepito está aburrido. - Pepito is bored.

Position of Adjectives
Some adjectives usually come before the noun. Some may come before or after the noun. The adjective primero almost always comes before the noun. The adjectives bueno and malo may come before or after the noun.

Drop the final -o of primero, bueno, and malo before a masculine singular noun. Examples
un buen día - a good day
el primer día - the first day

Apply the regular endings for masculine plural and feminine singular and plural.

The adjective grande may come before or after the noun, but the meaning will be different depending on its position. When it comes before the noun it means "great". When it comes after the noun it means "big".
Examples
un gran hombre - a great man
un hombre grande a big man

Special Notes
Adjectives such as norteamericano (North American) are not capitalized.

Questions
What do you mean by gender and masculine and feminine?
   Nouns have gender in Spanish. See the noun page for more information.

Where can I find a list of Spanish Adjectives?
    There is a sample list below.

amarillo - yellow
anaranjado - orange
azul - blue
azul bajito - baby blue
azul subido - dark blue
bicolor - two-tone
blanco - white
café - brown
carmesí - crimson
dorado - gold
gris - gray
índigo - indigo
marrón - brown
morado - purple
negro - black
plateado - silver
rojo - red
rosa - pink
verde - green
violeta - violet
abierto - open
abundante - abundant
aburrido - boring
activo - active
afligido - afflicted
agradable - agreeable
agradecido - grateful
alegre - joyous
altivo - haughty
alto - tall, high
alumbrado - lit(up)
amable - friendly
amorfo - amorphous
analógico - analog
anciano - elderly
angélico - angelic
angosto - narrow
anterior - previous
antiguo - antique
antipático - mean, not nice
antiséptico - antiseptic
aparte - apart
apenas - barely
apestoso - stinky
aplicable - applicable
apreciativo - appreciative
apropiado - apppropriate
apto - apt
árido - arid
artero - artful
aterrador - apalling
atlético - athletic
atrevido - bold
ausente - absent
azulado - bluish
bajo - short (height)
barato - cheap
bárbaro - barbarous
bellísimo - very beautiful
bello - beautiful
bendito - blessed
bienvenido - welcome
bilingüe - bilingual
blanducho - flabby
bonito - pretty
borroso - blurry
boyante - buoyant
brumoso - foggy
bruto - brutal
bueno - good
caliente - hot
calloso - callous
carnal - carnal
cansado - tired
caprichoso - quirky
carbólico - carbolic
cardíaco - cardiac
cardinal - cardinal
carísimo - very expensive
caro - expensive
centenario - centennial
centígrado - centigrade
central - central
centrípeto - centripetal
cerámico - ceramic
ceremonial - ceremonial
ceremonioso - ceremonious
cerrado - closed
cíclico - cyclical
cívico - civic
civilizado - civilized
clamoroso - clamorous
claro - clear
clásico - classic
combustible - combustible
mico - comical
cómodo - comfortable
confundido - confused
conocido - known
contento - content
cortés - courteous
corto - short (length)
correcto - correct
cuidadoso - careful
chapado - plated
chango - playful
charlador - talkative
chelo - blond (mex)
chico - small
chiflado - loco
chiquito - tiny
chino - curly
chismoso - gossipy
chistoso - funny
chocante - offensive
chueco - crooked
chulo - cute
débil - weak
decente - decent
delgado - thin
delicioso - delicious
desconocido - unkown
desconsolado - disconsolate
descortés - discourteous
descubierto - uncovered
despreciable - despicable
destituido - destitute
destructible - destructible
desvanecido - dizzy
diestro - clever
difícil - difficult
digestible - digestible
digestivo - digestive
digital - digital
digno - dignified
divertido - entertaining
divino - divine
dócil - docile
dogmático - dogmatic
dominante - dominant
dulce - sweet
dúctil - ductile
duro - hard
ecléctico - eclectic
económico - economic
ecuménico - ecumenical
editorial - editorial
educado - educated
eficaz - effective
efímero - ephemeral
efusivo - effusive
egotista - egotistical
ejecutivo - executive
ejemplar - exemplary
elegante - elegant
elemental - elementary
elevado - elevated
elíptico - elliptic
elocuente - eloquent
elusivo - elusive
embarazada - pregnant
embarazoso - troublesome
emocionante - exciting
emotivo - emotive
encallecido - calloused
encantado - enchanted
encerado - waxed
encerrado - caged, jailed
endémico - endemic
enérgico - energetic
enfermo - sick
enlanado - wool covered
enorme - enormous
entrefino - med. quality
envidiable - enviable
envidioso - envious
errado - wrong
escamoso - scaly
escaso - scarce
escéptico - skeptic
escrito - written
espantado - scared
espantoso - scary
especial - special
espeso - spicy
estupendo - stupendous
eventual - eventual
evidente - evident
excelente - excellent
experto - expert
exponencial - exponential
exquisito - exquisite
extátcio - ecstatic
extensivo - extensive
extra - extra
extranjero - foreign
extremo - extreme
fabuloso - fabulous
falso - false
famoso - famous
familiar - familiar
fanático - fanatic
fantástico - fantastic
fastidioso - fastidious
fasto - auspicious
fatal - fatal
favorito - favorite
fecho - executed(law)
federal - federal
femenino - feminine
fenomenal - phenomenal
feliz - happy
feo - ugly
fértil - fertile
ferveroso - fervent
férreo - iron
feudal - fuedal
fiel - loyal
figurado - figurative
fílmico - film
financiero - financial
flagrante - flagrant
flexible - flexible
flojo - loose
folklórico - folkloric
fónico - phonic
formidable - formidable
franco - frank
frío - cold
frito - fried
frívolo - frivolous
fuerte - strong
fundido - melted
gacho - bent, bowed
gallardo - elegant
garzo - blue
gastado - spent
gatuno - feline
gelatinoso - gelatinous
general - general
genérico - generic
generoso - generous
genético - genetic
genio - genius
gentil - gentile
genuino - genuine
geológico - geological
geriátrico - geriatric
glorioso - glorious
glotón - gluttonous
gordo - fat
gradado - stepped
gran - grand
grande - big
grandote - very big
granoso - grainy
grasoso - greasy
grave - grave, serious
grosero - boorish
guapo - handsome
güero - blond
hábil - able
hablado - spoken
halagüeño - flattering
hambriento - hungry
harinoso - floury
hecho a mano - handmade
hediondo - stinky
helado - frozen
hermético - airtight
hermoso - beautiful, gorgeous
hilarante - hilarious
histórico - historical
honesto - honest
horrible - horrible
horrífico - horrific
huesudo - bony
humano - human
húmedo - humid
ignorante - ignorant
ilegal - illegal
ilegible - illegible
ilógico - illogical
iluminado - illuminated
ilustrado - illustrated
imaginario - imaginary
impaciente - impatient
impar - uneven, odd
impenetrable - impenetrable
imperdonable - inexcusable
imparcial - impartial
importante - important
improviso - unexpected
imprudente - imprudent
inalámbrico - wireless
inane - inane
inatento - unattentive
incalculable - incalculable
incoherente - incoherent
incomestible - inedible
incómodo - uncomfortable
incomparable - incomparable
incompatible - incompatible
incompetente - incompetant
incomplete - incomplete
inconveniente - inconvenient
incorrecto - incorrect
incorregible - incorrigible
incorruptible - incorruptible
incrédulo - incredulous
indebido - improper
indefinido - undefined
indecente - indecent
indígena - native
indigno - unworthy
indivisible - indivisible
inédito - unpublished
infantil - childish
infeccioso - infectious
infiel - faithless
injusto - unjust
insensato - insane
inteligente - intelligent
interesante - interesting
inquieto - active(hyper)
invisible - invisible
irritable - irritable
jabonoso - soapy
jactancioso - boastful
joven - young
jóvenes - young (pl.)
jovial - jovial
jubilado - retired(person)
judicial - judicial
juguetón - playful
juicioso - wise
juntos - together
jurado - sworn
justificable - justifiable
justificante - justifying
justo - just
juvenil - youthful
labrado - wrought
lacio - limp
ladino - wise
lamentable - lamentable
largo - long
larguísimo - very long
larval - larval
latoso - bothersome
laudable - laudable
lavable - washable
lejano - far away
lento - slow
libre - free
libre de cuidado - carefree
limpio - clean
liso - smooth
listo - smart, ready
liviano - light
lívido - livid
loco - crazy
lodoso - muddy
lógico - logical
lúcido - lucid
luminoso - luminous
lunático - lunatic
llamativo - showy
llameante - flaming
llano - flat ground
lleno - full
llorón - crying
lloroso - tearful
lluvioso - rainy
maduro - ripe
magnánimo - magnamonious
magnético - magnetic
magnífico - magnificent
magno - great
majestuoso - majestic
maligno - evil
malo - bad
malsano - unhealthy
malvado - wicked
mandón - bossy
manejable - manageable
manuscrito - hand written
marchito - withered
mareado - seasick
marino - marine
matoso - bushy
mayor - older
mejor - better
menor - younger
mico - mimic
mínimo - minimal
mismo - same
mojado - wet
moreno - dark-haired
mucho - many
mudable - changeable
muerto - dead
musical - musical
nebuloso - hazy
necesario - necessary
novato - newbie
nublado - cloudy
nuevo - new
ocupado - busy
optimista - optimist(ic)
paciente - patient
pagadero - payable
pagado - paid
parado - standing(up)
paralelo - parallel
parásito - parasitic
parecido - alike
parejo - even, smooth
particular - particular
pasado - by gone
pasajero - fleeting
pasmoso - astonishing
pastoral - pastoral
pastoso - pasty
paternal - paternal
patológico - pathological
patriótico - patriotic
pecoso - freckled
pedagógico - pedagogic
pedestre - pedestrian
pedregoso - stony
pegajoso - sticky
pelado - peeled
peligroso - dangerous
pelirrojo - red-haired
peludo - hairy
penado - afflicted
pendiente - pending
penoso - shameful
pensativo - pensive
peñascoso - rocky
pequeño - small
percudido - grimy
perecedero - passing
perezoso - lazy
perfecto - perfect
perjudicial - harmful
permanente - permanent
perruno - canine
persuasivo - persuasive
pesado - heavy
pésimo - very bad
piadoso - pious
picante - spicy
pintoresco - picturesque
plácido - placid
plano - flat, plane
plumoso - feathery
pobre - poor
pocos - few
podrido - rotten
poético - poetic
polémico - ploemical
policíaco - police related
pomposo - pompous
popular - popular
precavido - cautious
preferido - preferred
preocupado - worried
preparado - prepared
presente - present
primero - first
privado - private
privilegiado - privileged
profético - prophetic
puro - pure
pútrido - putrid
quebrado - broken
quemado - burnt
querido - dear
quieto - quiet, still
quijotesco - quixotic
quincenal - bimonthly
rabioso - rabid
radial - radial
rancio - rancid
rápido - rapid
razonable - reasonable
rebelde - rebellious
rebosante - overflowing
recargable - rechargeable
receloso - distrustful
receptivo - receptive
reciclable - recyclable
reciente - recent
recojido - secluded
recomendable - recommended
reconocido - recognized
recurrente - recurring
redundante - redundant
reemplazable - replaceable
refinado - refined
regional - regional
repugnante - repugnant
resonante - resonant
reverente - reverent
rico - rich
ridículo - ridiculous
risueño - cheerful
robusto - robust
romántico - romantic
ronco - hoarse
roñoso - mangy
rubio - blond
sabroso - savory
sagaz - canny
sangriento - bloody
santificado - sanctified
santo - holy
seco - dry
seguro - safe
selecto - select
serio - serious
simpático - nice
sin aliento - breathless
sólido - solid
solo - alone
sólo - only
suave - soft
sucio - dirty
tacaño - stingy
todo - all
tonto - foolish
torcido - twisted
transparente - transparent
triste - sad
ufano - proud
umbroso - shady
unánime - unanimous
único - unique, only
ventoso - windy
verdadero - true
valiente - valiant
vacío - empty
varios - variety, varied
viejo - old
vivo - alive



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Last Revised: September 06, 2004