Los Adjetivos Posesivos
Possessive
Adjectives
Singular Plural Singular
Examples
Plural
Examples
my mi mis mi carro mis carros
your tu tus tu bicicleta tus bicicletas
your
his
her
su sus su camión sus camiones
our (masc.) nuestro nuestros nuestro tío nuestros tíos
our (fem.) nuestra nuestras nuestra tía nuestras tías
your (masc.) vuestro vuestros vuestro primo vuestros primos
your (fem.) vuestra vuestras vuestra prima vuestras primas
your
their
su sus su lápiz sus lápices

Use of Possessive Adjectives
Possessive adjectives must agree with the noun. Nuestro and vuestro have different masculine and feminine endings. Tu/tus and su/sus mean "your". Tu/tus must be used when speaking to someone in the familiar or informal, in other words, someone you would call . Su/sus must be used when speaking to someone in the formal, in other words, someone you would call usted. Use su/sus for ustedes (more than one person).

Singular and Plural
Plural should be used whenever the thing/object being owned is plural.
Ex: tus carros. - your cars.

Possessive With De
De means "of" or "from". It is used to show possession. Place it before the noun. To ask "whose" something is, use: ¿De quién es _____?, ¿De quién son _____?, ¿De quiénes es _____?, or ¿De quiénes son _____?

For 1 person / 1 thing - ¿De quién es _____?
Response: Es de _____.

For 1 person / more than 1 thing - ¿De quién son _____?
Response: Son de _____.

For more than 1 person / 1 thing - ¿De quiénes es _____?
Response: Es de _____ y de _____.
or Es de _____ (plural noun).

For more than 1 person / more than 1 thing - ¿De quiénes son _____?
Response: Son de _____ y de _____.
or Son de _____(plural noun).

Special Notes
Notes: The word tu (your) does NOT have an accent mark. The word mi (my) does NOT have an accent mark.
If answering with more than one person, use de before each. ex: de Pablo y de Ana)

How do I make questions in Spanish?
   Usually, you will use this format:

  1. Question word (if any)
  2. Verb
  3. Subject (person or thing being talked about)
  4. Any other information or words in a sentence
Except for questions asking the quantity or amount of something. Ex: ¿Cuántos libros hay?

What's with the upside down question marks?
   Spanish uses them to let the reader know to read the statement as a question (inflection). Also, Spanish does not use the words do or are as question words.

What is inflection?
    It is the change in pitch of voice.

How do I type the accent marks and upside down question and exclamation marks on my word processor?
   There are several different ways. Go to http://www.mprz.com/edu/acento.html for the how to process.

Are the accent marks and upside down question and exclamation marks required?
   Yes. Sometimes such as in titles or all CAPS the accent mark will not be present.


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© October 2001, mprz.com
Last Revised: November 24, 2003